In accordance with the COP decision, needs analyses will be carried out jointly with the national government concerned. Each exercise consists of three phases: the needs assessment phase, during which the Secretariat reviews the relevant documents and reports of the parties and prepares a detailed programme; the needs assessment mission, in which an international team is working with the Ministry of Health and various national stakeholders, the WHO Country Office and the UN Resident Coordinator; and the post-mission and follow-up phase, during which the Secretariat will finalize the needs analysis report, in cooperation with national stakeholders, and cooperate with the Government and international partners to implement the agreed recommendations. It was recommended that Lebanon strengthen the national tobacco control unit and operate the multisectoral committee with the participation of civil society. Lebanon must sound the alarm about the increase in tobacco consumption and conduct extensive awareness-raising campaigns. El Salvador only ratified the treaty two years ago, in July 2014. However, before becoming a contracting party, El Salvador had already adopted a tobacco control law that dealt with different aspects of the WHO FCTC. The country is showing progress and commitment in the fight against the tobacco epidemic. This positive attitude was confirmed by meetings with other ministries of health, as well as by the fact that the Chair met with the needs analysis team and committed to establishing a national multisectoral coordination mechanism for tobacco control. A second programme was launched in 2013 to help members update their initial results of the needs analysis to reflect progress in the negotiations. This programme continued following the negotiations to help members prepare their special and differential treatment (SDT) notifications and identify their technical assistance needs.

To date, 78 members have conducted needs analyses in this second cycle. Other international organizations and agencies (such as ITC, UNCTAD, USAID and the World Bank) have conducted similar assessments for a number of other members. Lebanon signed the WHO FCTC on 4 March 2004 and ratified the WHO FCTC on 7 December 2005. Challenges remain for Lebanon to fully comply with the FCTC. In this context, a needs analysis for the implementation of WHO CCS was carried out jointly by the Government of Lebanon and the WHO-FCTC secretariat, with the participation of representatives of the WHO Tobacco Free Initiative Division of the Department for the Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases and the United Nations Development Programme. . . .