Under the Munich Agreement, the entire territory of Czechoslovakia was to be handed over by 10 October. Poland and Hungary occupied other parts of the country, and after a few months Czechoslovakia ceased to exist and what remained of Slovakia became a German puppet state. The agreement on the annexation of the Sudetenland by Germany was signed on September 29, 1938. In his article The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich (1960), the American historian William L. Shirer considered that Czechoslovakia did not bluff about its invasion intention, but that it could have resisted considerably. Shirer felt that Britain and France had enough air defense to avoid a serious bombing of London and Paris and that they could have waged a quick and fruitful war against Germany. [66] He quotes Churchill as saying that the agreement means that “Britain and France were in a much worse position than Hitler`s Germany.” [61] After personally inspecting the Czech fortifications, Hitler privately told Joseph Goebbels that “we shed a lot of blood” and that it was fortunate that there was no fighting. [67] September 29-30, 1938: Germany, Italy, Great Britain and France sign the Munich Agreement under which Czechoslovakia must cede its border regions and defense zones (the so-called Sudetenland region) to Nazi Germany. German troops occupied these territories between 1 and 10 October 1938. The Munich Agreement concerned only the Sudeten Germans. He said nothing about the nearly 2 million Germans who live in Bohemia and Moravia.

Hitler was now moving to place it under German control. UCLA Film and Television Archive After Poland learned that areas inhabited by Poland were to be transferred to Germany, Poland issued a note to the Czechoslovak government calling for “the immediate conclusion of an agreement according to which Polish territory would be indisputably occupied by Polish troops; this was followed by agreement on referendums in districts where the Polish population was densely populated. [75] From 29 to 30 An emergency meeting of the main European powers was held in Munich on September 7, 1938, excluding Czechoslovakia or the Soviet Union, an ally of France and Czechoslovakia. An agreement was quickly reached on Hitler`s terms. It was signed by the leaders of Germany, France, Britain and Italy. Militarily, the Sudetenland was of strategic importance to Czechoslovakia, as most of its border defenses were there to protect against a German attack. The agreement between the four powers was signed in the context of an undeclared german-Czechoslovak war of low intensity, which had begun on September 17, 1938. Meanwhile, after September 23, 1938, Poland transferred its military units to its common border with Czechoslovakia. [2] Czechoslovakia yielded to diplomatic pressure from France and Britain and voted on September 30, 1999, to cede territories to Germany under Munich conditions. .

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